Difference between Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
ai and ml
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14 November 2022
5 mn read

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In computer science, terminologies like machine learning and artificial intelligence are closely related and interconnected. However, because of this interconnectedness, people get confused.

In this article, we will share a few factors that will clarify the differences between artificial intelligence and machine learning.

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Types of AI

Features of Artificial intelligence

What is Machine Learning?

Types of Machine Learning

Features of Machine Learning

AI Vs ML: Full Comparison

Conclusion

Types of AI

  1. Narrow AI

Narrow AI is a subset of AI that is focused on using AI for doing particular tasks. This field of narrow AI is the most prevalent and readily available to do a certain set of tasks easily.

It is also known as weak AI as it does not accomplish tasks outside of its domain or set of constraints and is only taught for a single job.

Some small sets of predefined tasks like Google Assistant, Siri, Google Translate, recommendation systems, etc. are the perfect examples of narrow artificial intelligence.

  1. General AI

The goal of general AI is to have the capacity for learning, and problem-solving as well as the need to create a system that is intelligent enough to think like a person.

AGI systems should have some qualities, including common sense, baseline knowledge, and transfer learning.

As generic AI systems are still being researched, it will take a long time and many resources to construct such systems.

  1. Super AI:

Super AI is a degree of system intelligence where computers are capable of outperforming people in any task thanks to their cognitive abilities. It is the product of general AI.

Strong AI is capable of understanding, reasoning, solving problems, making decisions, planning, learning, and communicating on its own, among other essential abilities.

Features of Artificial intelligence

Automate Simple and Repetitive Tasks

AI systems are reading human thought processes and finding solutions to many issues.

Data Ingestion

Systems that are artificially intelligent work with vast volumes of data. A significant percentage of this data is analyzed by AI using neural networks, which aids in drawing a logical conclusion from it.


Cloud Computing


Cloud computing is one of the most extensive aspects of artificial intelligence. AI capabilities are available with cloud computing.

Quantum Computing


Quantum neural networks are helping in solving complex quantum physics with the accuracy of supercomputers. So that day is not far, and this can lead to path-breaking developments in the near future. Building extremely sophisticated quantum algorithms is the focus of the interdisciplinary field of quantum computing, which aims to advance computational tasks.


What is Machine learning?


Machine learning is the study of statistical models and algorithms that computers use to carry out specific tasks without explicit instructions.

It is an application of AI that gives the system the capacity to automatically pick up new skills and get better with practice.

The steps involved in machine learning, a subset of artificial intelligence, are as follows:

Data collection

Data preparation

Selection of Model

Model Training

Model Evaluation

Parameter tuning

Making predictions

Due to the impressive outcomes of their products, the majority of industries have realized the value of machine learning. These sectors include the government, healthcare, financial services, and transportation.

Types of ML

Supervised learning

The operator is aware of the correct solutions to the issue, whereas the algorithm recognizes patterns in the data, gains knowledge from observations, and makes predictions. The operator adjusts the algorithm as the operator makes predictions, and this cycle continues until the method is effective and very accurate

Unsupervised learning:

Unsupervised learning represents a facet of machine learning where algorithms navigate uncharted data landscapes without the guiding light of labeled outcomes.

Reinforcement learning: 

Reinforcement Learning (RL) is a type of machine learning paradigm where an agent learns to make decisions by interacting with its environment. The agent receives feedback in the form of rewards or punishments based on the actions it takes, and its objective is to learn a strategy that maximizes the cumulative reward over time. In other words, reinforcement learning is about training an agent to make a sequence of decisions in an environment to achieve a specific goal.

Features of Machine Learning

Automating repetitive tasks: Email automation is a prime illustration of this circumstance.

IoT compatibility: Machine learning is the best method for achieving efficiency in IoT-based products. Many businesses using IoT actively. With the combination of these two technologies, businesses may increase the quality of their industrial output.

Accuracy in data analysis:

Accuracy in data analysis refers to the degree to which the results or findings of an analysis correctly represent the real-world phenomena or the true values of the data. Achieving accuracy is a fundamental goal in data analysis as it ensures that conclusions and decisions based on the analysis are reliable and trustworthy.

Conclusion

Both artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies have a tonne of real-world examples. Thanks to AI and ML, because it makes our task easy. In conclusion, ML solves problems after learning from data and making predictions, while AI handles problems that require human intellect.

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